What causes crazing in plastics
Crazing develops when excessive tensile stress is applied to a polymer, leading to microvoid formation in a plane normal to the stress.
The voids initiate at microscopic inhomogeneities in the polymer, and are stabilised by fibrils of plastically deformed polymer chains..
How do you stop crazing cracks
To prevent crazing start curing the concrete as soon as possible. The surface should be kept wet by either flooding the surface with water or, covering the surface with damp burlap and keeping it continuously moist for a minimum of 3 days or, spraying the surface with a liquid membrane curing compound.
Why does crazing happen
Crazing refers to small hairline cracks in glazed surfaces that usually appear after firing but can appear years later. It is caused by a mismatch in the thermal expansions of glaze and body. … Crazing appears when ceramic is cooled and the glaze shrinks more than the clay to which it is rigidly attached.
How long will concrete last before cracking
As the shrinkage begins, the concrete will crack where it is the weakest. Cracking typically starts within 12 hours of the finishing process. Weather conditions will slow or accelerate it. Shrinkage cracking is typically planned for and handled with control joints.
Is it safe to use dishes with cracked glaze
Glazed ware can be a safety hazard to end users because it may leach metals into food and drink, it could harbor bacteria and it could flake of in knife-edged pieces. Crazed ceramic glazes have a network of cracks. … And you can add hazards (to you and customers of your ware) by the way you use them.
What is paint crazing
Answer: Crazing is a condition in which hairline cracks develop in the clear coat of two-stage paints, which are widely used on both domestic and imported cars. Two-stage paints have a color coat and a clear coat of paint, in addition to a primer coat on the bare metal.
How do I stop crazing cracks in concrete
Concrete contractors can minimize or prevent craze cracks by starting to cure as soon as possible after final finishing, especially on a hard-troweled floor. Moist curing is best, although a spray-on monomolecular curing compound also can be effective. Using a drier, stiffer mix can reduce crazing as well.
Can you fix crazing
Changing the clay body or firing temperature Others ways to correct crazing include changing to a different clay body that better fits the glaze, adding silica to the existing clay body, or increasing the firing temperature. In stoneware, the addition of silica sand to the clay body can help prevent crazing.
Does Refiring fix crazing
Either the body expanding or the glaze shrinking can cause fine hairline cracking (crazing) to occur. Refiring to the proper cone will sometimes solve the problem. Firing to the proper cone number is critical to help eliminate crazing problems.
Is crazing safe
Crazing is one of the most common problems related to glaze defects. It appears in the glazed surface of fired ware as a network of fine hairline cracks. The initial cracks are thicker, and filled in with finer cracks. … Crazing can make a food safe glaze unsafe and ruin the look of the piece.
What is concrete crazing
Crazing is the development of a network of fine ran- dom cracks or fissures on the surface of concrete or mortar caused by shrinkage of the surface layer. … Crazing cracks are sometimes referred to as shallow map or pattern cracking.
Is it normal to have hairline cracks in concrete
Hairline cracks in a concrete slab are rarely a cause for concern. They can be controlled, but not eliminated. A crack in a slab of 1/8 inch or less is typically a normal shrinkage crack and not a cause for concern.
How do you stop crazing
To reduce crazing:Increase silica and clay by 5% silica and 4% clay.Add 5% talc or zinc oxide.Substitute lithium feldspar for sodium feldspar.Substitute borate frit for high-alkaline frit.Apply glaze thinly.Increase firing temperature.
What is crazing on eyeglasses
Crazing is a web of tiny cracks that can appear on the lenses of eyeglasses coated with an anti-reflective coating. Looking through crazed lenses can make your world appear blurry.
How do you get rid of crazing
Crazing in Stoneware Glazes: Treating the Causes, Not the…Apply a thinner glaze coat. … Add increasing amounts of silica. … Remove some feldspar and line blend additions of silica. … Firing higher or over a longer time. … Add increments of 5% silica to the clay body. … Slow cool the glaze kiln, don’t open it until it is below 200°C (390°F) … Bisque higher if low fire glaze is not fitting.More items…
How do you repair concrete crazing
The process is fairly simple and involves grinding off the top layer of concrete to leave a smooth, unblemished surface. The top is then sealed, protecting the slab. Once the process is complete, your concrete slab will be restored to its original look without losing any of its durability and strength.
Does crazing reduce value
The presence of crazing usually diminishes the value of objects but it can depend on the severity of the damage and rarity of the crazed piece.